Menstrual cycle problems could cause significant anxiety to many women.
Even subtle menstruation problems may be alarming for some, especially if they are not yet properly informed about the common cycle problems.
Moreover, the menstrual cycle could be affected by both psychological and physical factors such that more anxiety could exacerbate cycle irregularities.
I have put together in this page some of the key points which have been helpful in my discussion with women over the years about issues related to possible disorders of the
This is a basic principle in medical education which I find relevant here. To better appreciate an abnormal menstrual cycle,it is important you get familiar with the normal ovulation cycle.
Important points include
With the features of a normal menstrual cycle in mind, it becomes relatively easier to comprehend the possible sources of menstrual cycle problems. In fact I have noticed that most of the common problems women often present in relation to their cycles could be easily grouped following the basic features of the normal cycle. These features include
The discussion above seeks to lay down a simple categorization of the common menstrual cycle problems women often encounter for better comprehension. Each category will be presented briefly below. Click the relevant links to read more about each category.
The absence of menstruation is one of the frequent menstrual cycle problems. Why? Because pregnancy, a normal condition, is the most frequent cause! Amenorrhea is basically the absence of menstrual flow. It could be primary or secondary.
Polymenorrhea and Oligomenorrhea
Polymenorrhea means many cycles than normal, with cycle lenghts shorter than 21 days. Oligomenorrhea means fewer cycles because of cycle lengths above 35 days.
Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea)Menstruation cramp
are simply painful periods. They are also one of the
the common menstrual cycle problems.
Premenstrual syndrome ( PMS)
The premenstrual syndrome is an annoying and bothersome condition. It manifests as physical.mood and behavioral symptoms in the premenstrual period or luteal phase.
Menstrual blood abnormalities
Though the abnormalities of the menstruation blood quality are usually the least serious amongst the cycle problems, they often cause significant anxiety for women. Women are very sensitive to the color of their menstruum and the presence of clots.
This is uterine bleeding that is beyond what is normal, either during menstrual years or past menopause.There are may possible causes including hormonal and structural abnormalities. It may present as heavy menstruation, irregular menses, break through bleeding, mid cycle bleeding and spotting before period.
After menopause, women can sometimes have abnormal postmenopausal bleeding. This is however not menses!
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